Canine Hip Dysplasia
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a developmental disease of the bones in which the head of the thigh bone poorly fits the hip socket, causing damage to the cartilage, gradual destruction of the joint, pain and swelling. This disease should not be confused with hip arthritis. Rather, it is the most common cause of arthritis in the hips.
Canine hip dysplasia is one of the most studied illnesses in the veterinary medicine. Despite the number of researches made on the topic, it is also one of the most difficult diseases to prevent and treat; hence, it causes a lot of frustration to pet owners and veterinarians alike.
Dog Breeds Most Vulnerable to Hip Dysplasia
While all dogs can develop hip dysplasia at some point of time in their lives; larger dog breeds are most vulnerable to this ailment. The top 10 most prone breeds:
|Great Danes||Saint Bernards|
|Neopolitan Mastiffs||American Staffordshire Terriers|
Primary Causes of hip dysplasia in dogs
Genetics from the mother and father are the leading cause of hip dysplasia and arthritis in dogs, however environmental conditions such as the amount of physical exercise and weight gain contribute to the disease and bring out the following signs:
- Abnormal fitting of the femur into the pelvic socket can lead to hip dysplasia.
- Underdeveloped muscles in the hip region can also lead to hip dysplasia.
- Hip dysplasia may be caused by canine obesity, injury, neutering before a dog reaches maturity, ligament tear, strenuous physical activity such as jogging in puppies under 1 years of age.
Primary Effects of hip dysplasia in a dog
Some of the symptoms to look out for in your puppy that could indicate arthritis include general weakness as well as an unwillingness to either exercise or play.
- Lameness or inability to walk normally is one of the primary characteristic effects of hip dysplasia in dogs.
- Pain and discomfort may or may not manifest as a result of hip dysplasia.
- The condition may cause unusual and accelerated wear and tear to the hip joint until the point where the dog is unable to support its body weight; while on its legs.
- The joint bones may also be prone to osteoarthritis as a result of hip dysplasia.
There are several ways to treat arthritis & hip dysplasia.
For the more severe cases, the most common option is surgery. However, you may also use:
- Medication – Your veterinarian will place your dog on a series of medications over a trial period to determine which brand is best suited for your dog. It is harmful to embark on medicating your dog by yourself without professional advice.
- Exercise – Long slow walks will help build muscle mass and cartilage which will then fight the degenerative condition.
- Weight – Weight loss is the single most effective way to combat canine hip dysplasia. It is also important to consider nutritional supplements for your canine friend.
Some other methods of treatment are massages and Mesenchymal stem cell therapy. Another effective way is through the use of CBD (Cannabidiol) Supplements.
Keeping in mind that hip dysplasia is widespread and can have painful effects on your canine companion; learning more about the prevention and treatment of hip dysplasia is important for keeping your dog happy.