First of all look if the breeder is registered or not. If a breeder is registered, you are more likely to get a healthy, well-conditioned puppy with pure bloodlines. There are many breeders who are merely in the business the money and will often breed and keep their dogs in squalid and inhumane conditions. So you may also have to make sure the dogs and puppies are kept in a clean, comfy and safe surrounding. Otherwise, you may end up paying more than you bargained for in unforeseen vet bills.
Often, you can get a quick impression by taking a look at the breeder's home or place of business, or by chatting with the breeder. If by some chance the breeder seems cagey or does not want to give you a tour of the place, you should probably steer clear. Someone with nothing to hide will gladly talk to you or show you around. A breeder who interviews you to make sure you can provide a good home is another good sign of a qualified breeder.
Ask the breeder if he can let you see the parents of the puppies. Meeting the father may not be possible, but you should certainly meet the mother. A puppy’s parents give you better insight into her future personality than does her breed. A friendly, well-behaved Mamma or Papa dog is a good sign, both that you’ve found a good litter and a good breeder. Beware. of the breeders who is only willing to show you puppies and not the parents.
Ask for health clearances certificates. Many breeds are prone to certain genetic conditions. The breeder should offer health clearances–documentation from an independent agency, such as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or the Canine Eye Registration Foundation–that the parent and grandparent dogs were tested for hereditary problems.
Ask for the correct age of the puppies. A genuine breeder won’t let you take the puppy home before she’s eight weeks old. Playing with her littermates teaches your puppy a lot about getting along with other dogs. A puppy who’s taken away from her littermates too early is at a major disadvantage in her canine social skills.
Ask for his participation in dog shows. A good breeder is motivated by enthusiasm for the breed, not by making a little extra cash.
Find out about the breeder’s experience and credentials. Either over the phone or through email conversations you must get more information about the breeder’s background. You can ask why they entered into this process. You can find out how long they’ve been in business in the same location. You can ask how many puppies they’ve successfully placed and how many ‘returns’ they’ve had and why.
A good breeder is always up-front about the breed’s drawbacks, whether that means a tendency to develop certain health problems or a temperament that’s not for every owner. A good breeder wants you to love and care for your new dog for his entire lifetime, and she knows that’s more likely if you’re well prepared.
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Medical Journals and Studies
- Canine hip dysplasia and the breeder. A layman’s point of view
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- The pathogenesis and diagnosis of canine hip dysplasia: a review
(SUP: 1995 Aug; 36(8): 494–502.)
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- Diagnosis, genetic control and preventive management of canine hip dysplasia: a review
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